To understand about wildlife in and outside parks; the briefs states: The first essential part of this explanation is that in many parts of the world parks and reserves are almost always insufficient for conserving wildlife in any given area. The reason for this is that protected areas are not closed systems. Wildlife ranges outside the boundaries of protected areas, often because it needs resources such as food and water which are found outside of these areas. If wildlife were confined inside the boundaries of parks and reserves, for example by erecting fences to keep the animals contained, their populations would decline sharply. This is particularly true for migratory ‘keystone’ species such as Wildebeest and Elephant. Wildlife usually needs additional ecological resources during certain times of the year which are found outside the protected areas, such as pasture, water, roosting sites and calving areas. It is essential that communities are able to conserve and protect their natural resources if they wish to do so and central to the equation is they benefit from their efforts. Beyond Care Foundation and its partners use different strategic approaches to assist local community based organizations to engage in conservation. One strategy alone is not used in isolation, but rather several strategies working together to provide a sustainable management system. Human wildlife conflict: with growing urban centers providing a market, tarmac roads providing access and mobile phones providing communication, the bush meat trade has grown recently in Northern Tanzania, and poachers come from afar often without the knowledge of the local communities. Poachers use advance parties on motorbikes to shoot wildlife, and arrive later in trucks to transport the cache of dead animals quickly and efficiently. It is almost impossible for community rangers on foot to be expected to stop this blatant slaughter. BCF aims to help the communities by working with them to set up effective protection strategies, training programs and providing vehicles and equipment to enable the community ranger anti-poaching teams to be more effectual. The community rangers also will help with other cases of human wildlife conflicts; be it chasing elephants off farms, providing farmers with ‘chilli bombs’ and taking people to hospital when they have suffered an attack from a wild animal. etc Wildlife monitoring: data on wildlife will be collected on a daily basis by the community rangers, and in addition the BCF microlite will be used to add further aerial data from the field. All data will be sent to partners, AWF who then analyze it to show current trends. BCF will help the communities to understand and use this information as a tool for conservation. Community based tourism: another useful tool for conservation; tourism provides jobs, pays community conservation fees, purchases local goods and it provides an economic reason for the conservation of an area. However tourism has to be managed in a way that it cares for the people and provides them a future. In Tanzania, most tourism carried out in community areas is marketed to those wishing to experience more than just wildlife in the rigid framework of a national park. we find these unique areas can offer a product with the freedom to discover, walk, explore, meet people and encounter new cultures, as long as it is managed responsibly. BCF works towards helping communities to initiate tourism, to forge partnerships, to market and to manage it, Governance and management: good governance in a community based initiative is paramount. Many community based conservation organizations are struggling to manage all the various functions that come with running a conservancy; accounts, asset registers, tourism statistics, long term management planning and all the dozens of activities outlined in these management plans. Rather than preaching good governance to communities, BCF see their role as one that can help people step by step through each department in the governance of a community based conservation operation. Raising awareness through film: local communities own the land and all its natural resources, and they need to see and understand the benefits of conserving it. BCF believes in the positive impact of cinema and we are aiming to developed a Mobile Cinema Unit (MCU) that will allow communities to see things with their own eyes, understand concepts better, and give them the ability to make their own choices, enabling them to participate in the conservation of their habitat, Management of community based conservation initiatives becomes easier if the local communities see for themselves and understand the challenges faced by the community rangers and the management team e.g. poaching for bush meat and ivory, crop raiding by wildlife, livestock predation, land degradation due to over grazing and the destruction caused by charcoal manufacturing.
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